Revista Romana de Drept Privat nr. 3/2018

Neexecutarea obligațiilor contractuale/L'inexecution des obligations contractuelles/The non-performance of the contractual obligations
de Viorel Terzea

01 noiembrie 2018

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Drd. VIOREL TERZEA

Facultatea de Drept, Universitatea din București

Conducător științific de doctorat: prof. univ. dr. Valeriu Stoica

RESUME

La responsabilite contractuelle a comme l'exigence principale l'inexecution d'une obligation contractuelle.

Pour determiner la portee des obligations contractuelles il est necessaire, en tout premier lieu, de determiner, clairement, le moment de la conclusion d'un contrat, ainsi que le moment où un contrat cesse ses effets.

Deuxiemement, on doit demontrer que les obligations contractuelles peuvent etre expresses ou implicites, decoulant de la nature du contrat, par reference aux exigences imposees par les usages, loi ou equite, conformement a l'art. 1.272 l'alinea (1) du Code civil.

L'expression «l'inexecution des obligations contractuelles» doit etre entendue dans son sens le plus large, une portee qui va inclure comme suit: l'inexecution totale ou partielle, l'execution inadequate ou le retard dans l'execution.

En outre, pour permettre la realisation des appreciations concretes en ce qui concerne l'inexecution des obligations contractuelles, il est necessaire d'etablir une typologie des obligations, en fonction de divers criteres, parmi lesquels un rôle important est joue par l'objet de l'obligation contractuelle.

En meme temps, pour acceder a certains remedes de l'inexecution il est important d'etablir les criteres en fonction desquels on peut determiner la gravite de l'inexecution de l'obligation contractuelle.

Mots-cles: des obligations contractuelles; des obligations expresses; des obligations implicites; la nature du contrat; des usages; la loi; l'equite; l'inexecution des obligations contractuelles; l'inexecution totale; l'inexecution partielle; l'execution inadequate; le retard dans l'inexecution; l'objet de l'obligation contractuelle; les remedes de l'inexecution.

ABSTRACT

Contractual liability shall have as main premise the non-performance of a contractual obligation.

In order to determine the scope of the contractual obligations it is necessary, first, to unquestionably determine the moment when an agreement is concluded, as well as the moment when an agreement ceases to be in force.

Secondly, it should be pointed out that the contractual obligations may be express or implied, resulting from the nature of the agreement, by reference to the requirements imposed by customs, law or equity, according to art. 1.272 para. (1) of the Civil Code.

The phrase "non-performance of the contractual obligations" must be understood in its broadest sense, and this scope shall include: the total or partial non-performance, the inadequate performance or the delay in the performance of the obligations.

Moreover, in order to carry out concrete assessments in relation to the non-performance of the contractual obligations, it is necessary to establish a typology of the obligations, depending on multiple criteria, among which an important part is held by the subject matter of the contractual obligation.

At the same time, in order to accede to certain remedies of the non-performance, it is important to determine the criteria depending on which the serious nature of the non-performance of the contractual obligation could be established.

Keywords: contractual obligations; express obligations; implied obligations; nature of the agreement; customs; law; equity; non-performance of the contractual obligations; total non-performance; partial non-performance; inadequate performance; delay in the performance; subject matter of the contractual obligation; remedies of non-performance.

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