Dreptul UE și CEDO (C.H. BECK)
Foundations of European Criminal Law, ediția 1, Editura C. H. Beck, 2014, ISBN 978-606-18-0290-6 de Renate van Lijssel, Andrea Jánosi, Erika Váradi-Csema, Ferenc Sántha, Clara Tracogna, Lamya-Diana Al-Kawadri, Avrigeanu Tudor, Neagu Norel, Mirela Gorunescu03 iulie 2014
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Citarea surselor electronice se face astfel: NUMELE autorului, Titlul cărții, Volumul, Elemente specifice [grade titlu, de obicei capitole], Ediția, Editura, Localitatea, Anul apariției, Denumirea sursei, Data (data accesării: ziua/luna/anul).
Despre Foundations of (European) Criminal Law – National perspectives – The Netherlands, a se vedea Renate Johanna Maria Wilhelmina van Lijssel în Editor Norel Neagu, Foundations of European Criminal Law, Part I, Chapter III, Editura C.H. Beck, București, 2014, în Biblioteca juridică legalis.ro (www.legalis.ro), accesat la data de 15 martie 2017.
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Norel Neagu [ Mai mult... ]
The main reason to protect a relevant interest through an administrative offence instead of a criminal one often depends on criminal policy and judiciary policy aims (i.e. reduce criminal courts’ overload of cases). This decision may of course change in time. However, from this choice depend the procedural rules that will be used in the case: they will be administrative rules if the conduct is considered an administrative offence or criminal procedure rules if the conduct is cons [ Mai mult... ]
Finally, we must note that the infraction law refers back to the provisions of the Criminal Code in case of many definitions (attempt, instigator, accessory etc.), and many crimes (e.g. theft, fraud) have a formation as an infraction, in the case of which the statutory elements of the crime established in the Criminal Code should be applied. It should be emphasized, that infraction procedure law bears in many instances the traits of the public administrative law as well. So in a case o [ Mai mult... ]
Decision 37/2002 of 4 September of the Hungarian Constitutional Court [ Mai mult... ]
As to the so-called offences by habit, the situation could be similar. This is because, in fact, the proof of recurrent antisocial behaviour, as a fundamental characteristic of such a criminal act, is the report on sanctioning the same contraventions. For example, in the case of the prostitution offence (see Art. 328 of the Criminal Code), repeated acts of sexual intercourse finally make up the concrete element of the crime, which is proven by the report sanctioning the contraventions, as defined by Art. 2, Paragraph 6 of Law no. 61/1991. In fact, the legal content of this contravention is very close to the crime of prostitution (soliciting people, by any means, loitering in restaurants, parks, in the streets and other public places, in order to practice sexual intercourses in exchange of material benefits). [ Mai mult... ]
Streteanu, F., Chiriță, R., Răspunderea penală a persoanei juridice, Ed. Rosetti, București, 2003. [ Mai mult... ]
Chapter I General principles
A set of principles is established in EU legislation and case law, both in substantial criminal law and criminal procedure, guaranteeing that the objective set out at the EU level, of establishing an area of freedom, security and justice, can be achieved through implementing EU law in the setting of these principles. However, further harmonization is needed in the field of criminal offences giving rise to a European arrest warrant in order to fully comply with the principles of legality, eq [ Mai mult... ]
van Bockel, B., The Ne Bis in Idem Principle in EU Law, Kluwer Law International (2010) [ Mai mult... ]
In conclusion, the EU concept of the “harm” principle can be used as a tool to identify potential conduct susceptible for criminalization. General principles of EU law (such as conferral of powers, including identifying the legal goods in need of criminal law protection, proportionality and subsidiarity) and special limits enacted in Art. 83 of the TFEU (effectiveness of EU policies and transnational dimension of Eurocrimes) offer a principled approach to limiting criminali [ Mai mult... ]
Vogel, J., 16 StV [STRAFVERTEIDIGER] (1996) [ Mai mult... ]
Zimmermann, R., The Present State of European Private Law (2009) 57 American Journal of Comparative Law 479 [ Mai mult... ]
The only accepted situation that an administrative sanction could influence in that sort of way, is only when the first applied is the criminal penalty, the only one that can influence other types of sanctions. [ Mai mult... ]